Edge Collective

Simple LoRa Mesh

Overview

LoRa connectivity (ISM band 900 Mhz in the US) is highly dependent on line-of-sight. This can be a challenge in many topologies of interest (urban, with buildings; rural, with trees / hills). The typical solution -- mounting a gateway at a very high location, in an attempt to achieve line-of-sight to remote nodes -- is not always feasible.

Non line-of-sight connections are still possible -- they are just very unreliable, and signal strength / connectivity may fluctuate based on the precise orientation and location of any intermediate objects / ground cover.

This is why a 'mesh' networking setup for lora sensor nodes becomes very appealing; one might be able to deploy 'self-healing' collections of nodes that can pass messages along via a chain of connections.

References

Basing my experiments on a fantastic writeup by nootropicdesign -- LoRa Mesh Networking with Simple Arduino-Based Modules, and its associated source code on github.

Also note that there is an RH MESH client example here -- though it is currently based on the RF22 radio.

Also notice the other examples of mesh servers and clients here.

Near-term Goals

Experiments

I believe that the standard appproach to mesh networking might be simpler than the nootropic design example. It might simply involve a mesh 'server', and then mesh 'clients'.

A simple verison might only have two types of node:

Server side: simple works server

Client side: simple works